Since the early 1980s, Hong Kong has enjoyed a reliable, year-round, uninterrupted supply of good quality water through the import of freshwater from the nearby East River (Dongjiang). Being used to enjoying the convenience of obtaining cheap and clean water with a simple turn of the tap, we may not be aware that Hong Kong is inherently a water-short city.
Rapid socio-economic development within the Pearl River Delta region has led to an increasing demand, and an intensified competition, for water in the past two decades. In other major cities, per capita daily water consumption level in the 2001 – 2015 period has declined or flattened. On the contrary, Hong Kong’s daily per capita water consumption continued to increase during the same period, albeit at very slow rates.