World Health Organization – Caregiver Skills Training (WHO-CST)

Experts from WHO, the Parent Association and the autism advocacy organization in America – “Autism Speaks” designed the WHO’s “Caregiver Skills Training” and implemented it in more than 30 regions around the world. The Programme aims to alleviate the needs of parents around the world to take care of children with developmental delays or ASD. The principal distinguishing characteristic of the WHO-CST is that a formal diagnosis of any childhood disorder of the children is NOT required as a prerequisite for the caregiver’s entry into the Programme, for obtaining the best result during early intervention. 

JC A-Connect adopted WHO-CST with the University of Hong Kong and a number of NGOs in 2018, with opinions and experiences of professionals and caregivers to localise the curriculum to better meet the needs of Hong Kong caregivers. While also trained up a number of certified master trainers and facilitators to provide parent training courses, to facilitate caregivers to learn how to participate in daily activities at ease and have good quality shared time with their children. Since 2021, JC A-Connect joined hands with various NGOs to localise the WHO-CST, expecting to train up more certified facilitators to carry out more parent training courses in Hong Kong.


The localised WHO-CST aims at facilitating parents of those 2 to 6-year-old children who are suspected to have or diagnosed with ASD or developmental delay to master communication and interactive skills. Brain development before 6 years old matters and impacts children’s ability to learn. Parents can apply the communication skills taught to interact with their children, letting them to learn step by step to participate in activities with and learn to pay attention to others.


 “Joint engagement” is the core idea of WHO-CST and an important cornerstone for children to develop language and social skills, and skills of learning new things in the future. “Synchronize” with the children, which is also the meaning of “Synchronize” in the Chinese name of WHO-CST (星語童遊).

10 parent-child interactive skills

  • The localised WHO-CST has 10 interactive skills, including attention, persistence, sitting, picking, liking, following, demonstrating, speaking, requesting and sharing. Simply from how to set up a parent-child environment, to teach parents to integrate into their children’s games, then finally to create opportunities for children to pro-actively communicate with parents. 
  • Parents can improve children’s ability to pay attention to and participate in activities with others anytime and anywhere. The interactive skills in the course are very practical and also suitable for ordinary parents.

Appropriate social behaviour and learn new skills

  • WHO-CST will let parents learn and understand how to communicate with their children through behaviour, then teach them to use appropriate methods to respond to their children.
  • Parents will also learn how to break down new skills taught into smaller steps to teach children to learn gradually.

Care of the well-being of caregivers

  • The Programme encourages caregivers to take care of themselves through different physical and spiritual exercises. Caregivers can then have room to take break through practising in daily live.
  • Participating parents will be divided into groups and each group member becomes parents’ fellow. Sharing, support and encouragement in each group can let parents understand their own abilities and efforts, and prioritise their own physical and spiritual health.  When they believe that if they feel empowered, they can then better support, not only the children but a wider family network.

In addition to courses provided to parents, WHO-CST also provides a number of training courses suitable for professionals or people working for early childhood education. A trainer certificate will be issued after completing the course and internship. These certified trainers can set up caregiver groups in the future to make this training course popular. 

WHO-CST NGO Partners:


List of Accredited WHO-CST Master Trainers and Facilitators

Master Trainers
Professor Paul Wai-ching WONG
Dr. Janet Siu-ping LAU
Dr. Nelly Ying TONG
Ms. Kit-sum WONG
Miss Ka-ying LUNG
Ms. See-wai LEUNG
Ms. Ka-mun WONG
Ms. Kwan-yu LEE
Ms. Kit-ping CHAN
Miss Oi-kwan CHAN
Ms. Ching-man CHEUNG
Ms. Ho-fung LEUNG
Mr. Ka-fai YEE
Miss Chiu-yee LUI
Mr. Kwok-hei CHIU
Miss Mancy Man-sze WAN
Miss Daby Tak-yi WAN
Miss Kathy Yuk-yin LAI
Miss Wing-tung LEUNG
Miss Jessie Kam-yu WONG
Miss Ka-yan WU
Miss Mei-wa LAI
Miss Ka-ki SIN
Miss Yuen-chee FUNG
Miss Wing-yan CHUNG
Ms. Man-yee WONG
Ms. Yuk-man FOK
Ms. Man-lai TSE
Ms. Man-wai NG
Ms. See-man LEI
Ms. Ka-man CHING
Ms. Pui-man CHAN
Ms. Oi-win YEUNG
Ms. Sui-yee LEE
Ms. Tsz-yan CHAN
Ms. Ka-fun HUNG
Ms. Yin-shan SHIH
Ms. Siu-ching SZE
Ms. Rui-qin LI
Ms. Phybe Pui-ling CHEUNG
Ms. Ka-wing HUI
Ms. Jing SZETO
Ms. Tsz-ying SHUM
Ms. Ka-yue CHAN
Dr. Nga-ki KONG
Ms. Mei-kei SUEN
Ms. Ho-ki TAM
Ms. Wing-man LEE
Ms. Chi-wing CHAN
Ms. Wing-man KWOK
Mr. Ivan Chung-leung LEE
Ms. Shan-ni LI
Ms. Wing-chi WONG
Ms. Lai-ting CHENG
Ms. Kane CHAN
Ms. Joey Ho-yi CHUNG
Ms. Lai-ha NG
Ms. Wing-kiu SIU
Ms. Yuen-chi WONG
Ms. Fung-sheung IP
Ms. Ka-pik HO
Mr. Tsz-long CHAN
Ms. Mei-fung TANG
Ms. Pui-shan CHIN
Ms. Ka-yin POON
Ms. Hiu-yan WOO
Ms. Yee-man KWOK
Ms. Lai-hung SUEN
Miss Ka-hei TSO
Miss Lut-Ieng VONG
Miss Hoi-kuan PANG
Miss Chui-ha LAU
Miss Mei-shun CHEUNG
Miss Siu-lee WAN
Miss Yin-lai CHAN
Miss Oi-ting TO
Miss Kei-yi HO
Ms. Natalie Tsz-yau LEUNG
Miss Sin-man TSANG
Miss Ada Man-ling CHONG
Ms. Po-yee LEE
Ms. Yau-kam CHEUNG
Ms. Ka-yee SIN
Ms. Cheuk-man CHAN
Ms. Yan-yin LOU
Ms. Sze-man LIN
Ms. Man-nga TSANG
Ms. Chui-ling LAM
Miss Nga-yi YIP
Miss Tsz-yu FUNG
Miss Kit-ling KAM
Miss Ka-yee WONG
Miss Sin-man TING
Miss Chi-kio LAU
Miss Nola Sze-man YUEN
Miss Chau-yee CHAN

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